Primary tabs

Boise State University logo

Boise State University is a Carnegie-classified doctoral research university and our students have opportunities to work with talented and accomplished faculty on research, even as undergraduates. Our students go into the workforce better prepared, with expertise outside of their major by taking advantage of opportunities such as certificates in business anthropology, entrepreneurship, or cybersecurity.

Learn more at


Open Access-No license specified

Other Access

The information on this page (the dataset metadata) is also available in these formats.


via the DKAN API

Code for Zaiats et al. 2023 Landscape Ecology

This code was used for the study in: Zaiats, A., Cattau M.E., Pilliod D.S., Liu R., Requena-Mullor, J.M., Caughlin, T.T. (2023) Forecasting natural regeneration of sagebrush after wildfires using population models and spatial matching. Landscape Ecology,

Addressing ecosystem degradation in the Anthropocene will require ecological restoration across large spatial extents. Identifying areas where natural regeneration will occur without direct resource investment will improve scalability of restoration actions.

An ecoregion in need of large scale restoration is the Great Basin of the Western US, where increasingly large and frequent wildfires threaten ecosystem integrity and its foundational shrub species. We develop a framework to forecast where post-wildfire regeneration of sagebrush cover (Artemisia spp.) is likely to occur within the burnt areas across the region (> 900,000 km2).

First, we parameterized population models using Landsat satellite-derived time series of sagebrush cover. Second, we evaluated the out-of-sample performance by predicting natural regeneration in wildfires not used for model training. This model assessment reproduces a management-oriented scenario: making restoration decisions shortly after wildfires with minimal local information. Third, we asked how accounting for increasingly fine-scale spatial heterogeneity could improve model forecasting accuracy.

Regional-level models revealed that sagebrush post-fire recovery is slow, estimating > 80-year time horizon to reach an average cover at equilibrium of 16.6% (CI95% 9–25). Accounting for wildfire and within-wildfire spatial heterogeneity improved out-of-sample forecasts, resulting in a mean absolute error of 3.5 ± 4.3% cover, compared to the regional model with an error of 7.2 ± 5.1% cover.

We demonstrate that combining population models and non-parametric spatial matching provides a flexible framework for forecasting plant population recovery. Models for population recovery applied to Landsat-derived time series will assist restoration decision-making, including identifying priority targets for restoration.

Data Use
Open Access-No license specified
Recommended Citation
Zaiats A, Cattau ME, Pilliod DS, Liu R, Requena-Mullor JM, Caughlin TT. 2023. Code for Zaiats et al. 2023 Landscape Ecology (v1.1). Zenodo.

US National Science Foundation and Idaho EPSCoR: OIA-1757324

Release Date
Spatial / Geographical Coverage Location
Great Basin USA
Temporal Coverage
Tuesday, January 1, 1985 - 00:00 to Monday, December 31, 2018 - 00:00
English (United States)
Open Access-No license specified
Andrii Zaiats, Megan E. Cattau, David S. Pilliod, Rongsong Liu, Juan M. Requena-Mullor & T. Trevor Caughlin
Contact Name
Andrii Zaiats
Contact Email
Public Access Level
Data available on:: 
Wednesday, March 15, 2023